Document Type : Research Paper


1 phd student of Pulp and Paper Industries, Gorgan University of Agricultural Sciences and Natural Resources.

2 Associate Prof of Pulp and Paper Technology, Gorgan University of Agricultural Sciences and Natural Resources, Department of Wood and Paper Technology.


This study was carried out to determine the effect coating polylactic acid-chitosan complex on the packaging paper by two methods of mixing and grafting. For this purpose was made handsheet (80 g/m2) of long fibers that prepared from Mazandaran Wood and Paper Factory. Therefore, poly lactic acid, chitosan and nanocytosis with concentration of 1 wt% , were prepared by dissolving in chloroform and 1% acetic acid, respectively. In both method done coating with three layers. Then, coated samples dried in oven. In the mixing method, polylactic acid and chitosan were mixed then coated on base paper. In the grafting method, by chemical modification of chitosan and polylactic acid, 0.01 g of EDC( N-(3-dimethy laminopropyl)-N/-ethylcarbodiimide hydrochloride) , 0.1 g of Span 80 and 0.047 g of HOBT( 1- Hydoxybenzotriazole) homogeneous solution were prepared and placed on a paper surface. Finally, investigated barrier and mechanical properties including contact angle, water absorption, air permeability and burst strength respectively. The results showed that papers which were coated with grafting method, with three layers of coating (P3nCs3) had the most strength air permeability compared to the mixing method, control sample showed minimum strength to air permeability. Water absorption decreased in coated samples by mixing method compared to grafting method that showed grafting method further reduced water absorption. Contact angle increased in coated samples by the grafting method compared to the mixing method.


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