تأثیر روش انبارداری فله ایی باگاس بر خواص فیزیکی و مکانیکی تخته خرده چوب

نوع مقاله: مقاله پژوهشی

نویسنده

بخش تحقیقات علوم چوب و فرآورده‌های آن، موسسه تحقیقات جنگلها و مراتع کشور

چکیده

DOR:98.1000/1735-0913.1398.34.74.66.1.1578.1576
هدف از این تحقیق، تأثیر روش انبارداری فله ایی باگاس بر خصوصیات مکانیکی و فیزیکی تخته خرده چوب ساخته شده از آن بوده است. برای این منظور از باگاس مغز زدایی شده به روش مرطوب استفاده شد. شرایط انبارداری باگاس عبارت از دو مقدار رطوبت 45 و 55 درصد و 4 زمان انبارداری 1/5، 3، 4/5 و 6 ماه بود. با توجه به متغیرهای فوق ابتدا ویژگی های شیمیایی باگاس (pH، ظرفیت بافرکنندگی اسیدی و قلیایی) تعیین گردید. سپس نسبت به ساخت تخته خرده چوب اقدام شد و خواص فیزیکی و مکانیکی آنها اندازه گیری و مورد تجزیه و تحلیل قرار گرفت. نتایج نشان داد که با کاهش رطوبت باگاس، pH و ظرفیت بافرکنندگی قلیایی آن کاهش و ظرفیت بافرکنندگی اسیدی باگاس افزایش یافته و ویژگی های خمشی (مدول الاستیسیته و مقاومت خمشی) و مقدار واکشیدگی ضخامت پس از 2 و 24 ساعت غوطه وری در آب تخته ها تضعیف شده است. ویژگی های شیمیایی باگاس با افزایش زمان انبارداری تا 3 ماه، تمایل به اسیدی شدن داشتند و حداقل ویژگی های خمشی و مقاومت به چسبندگی داخلی تخته ها در زمان انبارداری فوق ملاحظه گردید. همچنین با افزایش زمان انبارداری، مقدار واکشیدگی ضخامت پس از 2 و 24 ساعت غوطه وری در آب تخته ها بهبود یافت.

کلیدواژه‌ها

موضوعات


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